Higg FEM Scoring System Guidance

Higg FEM Scoring System

The Higg FEM scoring system is designed to drive behavior change. This means points are only assigned to "yes" or "partial yes" answers for questions that drive actions, decisions and practices that lead to better environmental sustainability outcomes.

Higg FEM Assesses Seven Impact Areas

The Higg Facility Environmental Module (Higg FEM) scores a facility on its your performance across seven impact areas:

  • Environmental Management System
  • Energy/Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Water
  • Waste
  • Wastewater
  • Air Emissions
  • Chemicals Management

Each Impact Area is Comprised of Three Levels

Questions are built in a three-level structure (Levels 1, 2, and 3), which signifies general thresholds of good, better, best environmental practices:

  • Level 1 - Awareness and understanding of sources and systems
  • Level 2 - Setting baselines, targets, and tracking improvements
  • Level 3 - Leading aspirational practices                   Screen_Shot_2018-08-22_at_9.10.24_PM.png

Sections are Weighted Equally

Each section consists of 100 points. A total Higg FEM score is based on a possibility of 100 points, so each section score is worth an equal portion (14.3%) of the total points assigned to the total Higg FEM score.


Calculating Points for Each Question

You earn points based on your answer to each question:

  • For each “yes” answer, you receive full points.
  • For each “partial yes” answer you receive half points.
  • For each “no or unknown” answer, you receive zero points.

Levels are Weighted Differently

Unlike sections, levels are not weighted equally. Higg FEM weighs Level 2 higher than the other levels because the questions in this level are driving key performance improvement measures such as setting targets and tracking reductions. 

  • Level 1 is worth 25% of the total possible points in the section. (Unless the applicability questions stop you at Level 1, then Level 1 is worth 100% of total possible points.)
  • Level 2 is worth 50% of the total possible points in the section.
  • Level 3 is worth 25% of the total possible points in the section.


The new Higg FEM will include qualifier questions to ensure users only answer questions applicable to the factory assessed. These questions are called “applicability tests”. Users will be asked applicability questions at the start of four sections of the Higg FEM (Water, Air Emissions, Wastewater, and Chemicals). 

If a facility has not implemented Level 1 practices (cannot answer Yes or Partial Yes), then they cannot proceed to level 2 and 3 practices. This ensures facilities successfully demonstrate level 1 practices (the basic requirement), before proceeding to more advanced practices.


Level Weight and Applicability in Each Section

1. EMS

  • No applicability
  • Level weight 



2. Energy/GHG 

  • No applicability
  • Level weight 


  • Level 3 is unscored because the question asks about whether the factory has calculated its Scope 3 GHG emissions. Calculating Scope 3 emissions is an advanced data calculation step, but this calculation does not drive sustainability improvement by itself. The sustainability improvements are driven through actions specified in Level 2.

3. Water

  • Applicability:
    • Heavy water user/High water risk
    • Light water user/Low water risk
  • Level weight 


 4. Waste

  • No applicability
  • Level Weight



5. Wastewater

  • Applicability:
    • Industrial Wastewater Treatment (including domestic wastewater)
    • Domestic Wastewater Treatment Only
    • Zero Liquid Discharge


6. Air Emission

  • Applicability
    • Emissions from operations (with or without refrigerants)
    • Emissions from production
    • Emissions from both operations and production (with or without refrigerants)

    1)  Emissions from operations Level Weight 


7. Chemical Management

  • Applicability:
    • Chemicals used in production process
    • No chemicals used in production process (No N/A selected)
    • No chemicals used in production process (N/A selected for question 2)
  • Level weight 



  • each question's reference ID is shown in Question Number column of each level weight table.
  • If you cannot find the answer to your questions, click “Submit a Request” at the top of the page to submit a support request.
  • If you have questions or need support, please first review the training materials on  


Please also check and download the detailed scoring system guidance with levels of applicability in the below attachment. 


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